Drinking, smoking and teenage migraines

from the blog KevinMD.com by Kristina Fiore

Drinking coffee and alcohol, smoking, and lack of physical activity all appear to be associated with migraine and tension-type headaches in teenagers, researchers found.

High consumption of cocktails appeared to put students at the greatest risk for these headaches, increasing the odds almost three-and-a-half-fold, Astrid Milde-Busch, PhD, of Ludwig Maximilians University Munich in Germany, and colleagues reported online in the journal Headache.

“Rather unexpectedly, recommendations to increase fluid intake as a means to prevent headache are not supported by this study,” they wrote.

Between 5% and 15% of adolescents suffer from migraines, and another 15% to 25% suffer from tension-type headaches. Yet the researchers said that association studies between these conditions and lifestyle and dietary factors have only been done in adult and other nonrepresentative populations…

…In multivariate analyses, all four factors were associated with combination headaches:

* Drinking cocktails: OR 3.4, 95% CI 1.9 to 6.0

(note: this OR{ odds ratio} of 3.4 means that headaches occurred 3.4 times more in subjects which reported drinking cocktails)

* Drinking coffee: OR 2.4, 95% CI 1.3 to 4.
* Smoking: OR 2.7, 95% CI 1.4 to 5.1
* Lack of physical activity: OR 2.2, 95% CI 1.3 to 3.7

Coffee and physical inactivity were particularly associated with migraine (OR 3.4, 95% CI 1.6 to 7.0 and OR 4.2, 95% CI 2.2 to 7.9, respectively).

Physical inactivity was associated with tension-type headache (OR 1.7, 95% CI 1.1 to 2.7).

much more via Drinking and Smoking Associated with Migraines

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